Alcohol never causes you to do something you did not want to do. But it can lead you to do something you wish you hadn't done. In other words: it disinhibits, removes inhibitions.
When sober, you want to take some actions but hold back for various reasons, most of which have to do with "what will people say" or "someone will get hurt if I do this" (empathy). Alcohol lowers these barriers as well as diminishes impulse control. You simply don't care anymore: you are hellbent on realizing the urges you had formed while sober.
If you end up having a one night stand with someone, it is because you wanted to have sex that night (though not necessarily with that partner). And if you beat someone up, you had been meaning to do it before the booze got to you.
Alcohol also creates or enhances cognitive distortions (beer goggles, for example), but its main effect is the aforementioned disinhibition.
A drunken man's words are a sober man's thoughts, goes the old adage. It is not that the drunkard is nearer his true nature when inebriated. After all, social mores and compassion are also a part of his (sober) character.
But when in his cups, he regresses to an infantile stage, replete with object inconstancy (he forgets about his loved ones), splitting (black and white thinking), and grandiosity (alcohol myopia): his actions will have no adverse consequences to himself, he figures
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