Seated Nude (c.1913)
🎨 Painted by Edvard Munch.
Born: 12 December 1863, Ådalsbruk, Norway.
Died: 23 January 1944, Oslo, Norway.
🖼 Oil on canvas 103 x 72,5 cm.
📝 The second of five children. In 1864, Munch moved with his family to the city of Oslo, where his mother died four years later of tuberculosis—he beginning of a series of familial tragedies in Munch's life: His sister, Sophie, also died of tuberculosis, in 1877 at the age of 15; another of his sisters spent most of her life institutionalized for mental illness; and his only brother died of pneumonia at age 30.
In 1879, Munch began attending a technical college to study engineering, but left only a year later when his passion for art overtook his interest in engineering. In 1881, he enrolled at the Royal School of Art and Design.
Three years of study and practice later, Munch received a scholarship and traveled to Paris, where he spent three weeks. After returning to Oslo, he began working on new paintings.
From 1889 (the year his father died) to 1892, Munch lived mainly in France—funded by state scholarships—embarking on the most productive, as well as the most troubled, period of his artistic life.
Success wasn't enough to tame Munch's inner demons for long, however, and as the 1900s began, his drinking spun out of control.
In 1908, hearing voices and suffering from paralysis on one side, he collapsed and soon checked himself into a private sanitarium. In the spring of 1909, he checked out, eager to get back to work.
Munch moved to a country house in Ekely (near Oslo), Norway, where he lived in isolation and began painting landscapes. He nearly died of influenza in the pandemic of 1918-19, but recovered and would survive. He died at his country home in Ekely. Munch painted right up to his death, often depicting his deteriorating condition and various physical maladies in his work.
💵 In May 2012, Munch's "The Scream" went on the auction block, selling at Sotheby's in New York for more than $119 million—a record-breaking price—sealing its reputation as one of the most famous and important works of art ever produced.